In the early days of the European colonization of the Caribbean, the British Navy was required to patrol and protect British economic interests. English Harbour on the south coast of Antigua was ideally suited for careening ships for cleaning and repairs. The naturally deep and narrow bays that are surrounded by hills also provided shelter during the hurricane season. To this end, the British Navy established a Dockyard to careen, repair and provision their ships patrolling the Eastern Caribbean.
The Copper and Lumber Building was built in 1789 to store the lumber and sheets of copper required for repairing and maintaining the wooden sailing ships of the time. Sailors from ships being repaired were at times permitted to sleep upstairs when space was available.
Today, the structure has been fully restored and converted into a small hotel. It is without doubt one of the finest Georgian Period Structures in the Caribbean. Its walls are three feet thick and built entirely of yellow bricks imported from Britain as ship ballast. Its interior timber construction is post and beam. When you enter through reception the beautiful wooden floors lead into a surprising and delightful open courtyard.
The Copper & Lumber Store Hotel is a unique country inn with extraordinary charm. Throughout the length and breadth of the Eastern Caribbean there is no more romantic place than beautiful English Harbour and Nelson’s Dockyard.
Each room is superbly furnished, with authentic antiques and period pieces which perfectly enhance the weathered brickwork, hand-hewn beams and mellow brass.
Each room is named after one of Lord Nelson's ships or the Commanders that served with him.
Achille - Contemporary Studio
HMS Achille was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy. She was built by Cleverley Bros., a private shipyard at Gravesend, and launched on 16 April 1798. Achille was in Admiral Collingwood's column at the Battle of Trafalgar,
Africa - Georgian Suite
HMS Africa was a 64-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched by Barnard at Deptford on 11 April 1781.
Africa was present at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 under the command of Captain Henry Digby. Having been separated from the main British fleet before the battle, the Africa arrived from a different direction without knowing the battle plan that Horatio Nelson had devised. As the rest of the fleet engaged the combined Franco-Spanish fleet in a pell-mell battle, Digby sailed the Africa down the line of enemy ships in a parallel fashion, exchanging broadsides.
Agamemnon - Contemporary Suite
HMS Agamemnon was a 64-gun ship with with the British Royal Navy. She saw service in the American Revolution, French Revolution and Napoleonic wars and fought in many of the major naval battles of those conflicts. She is remembered as being Nelson's favourite ship, and was named after the mythical ancient Greek king Agamemnon.
The future Lord Nelson served as Agamemnon's captain from January 1793 for 3 years and 3 months, during which time she saw considerable service in the Mediterranean. She fought at the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October 1805, as part of Nelson's weather column.
Ajax - Georgian Suite
HMS Ajax was an Ajax class 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the British Royal Navy. She was built by John Randall & Co of Rotherhithe and launched on the Thames on 3 March 1798. Ajax participated in the Egyptian operation of 1801, the Battle of Cape Finisterre in 1805 and the Battle of Trafalgar, before she was lost to a disastrous fire in 1807 during the Dardanelles Operation.
Amazon - Georgian Suite
HMS Amazon was a frigate of the Royal Navy. She served during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars under several notable naval commanders and played a key role in the Battle of Copenhagen under Captain Edward Riou, when Riou commanded the frigate squadron during the attack. After Riou was killed during the battle, command briefly devolved to First-Lieutenant John Quilliam. Quilliam made a significant impression on Rear-Admiral Horatio Nelson who appointed him to serve on the flagship HMS Victory, and Amazon passed to William Parker, who continued the association with Nelson with service in the Mediterranean and participation in the chase to the West Indies during the Trafalgar Campaign.
Badger - Contemporary Studio
The Badger was purchased for service on the North America and West Indies Station during the American Revolutionary War. She was previously an American merchant vessel, the Defence, and had been purchased in Jamaica in November 1777 for the sum of £1,540. Little is known about her specifications, but she probably carried 12 guns, and was apparently 'capable of carrying 16 guns'.
On 8 December 1778 the commander of the North America and West Indies Station, Sir Peter Parker, transferred a young lieutenant named Horatio Nelson to the command of the Badger. Badger was Nelson's first experience of command of one of the Royal Navy's commissioned warships. Nelson spent half of 1779 cruising the Caribbean
Boreas - Contemporary Suite
HMS Boreas was a modified Mermaid-class sixth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy. She was first commissioned in August 1775 under Captain Charles Thompson.
Boreas was part of a squadron under the command of Rear Admiral of the Red Hyde Parker on the Jamaica station.
Britannia- Georgian Studio
Collingwood - Contemporary Suite
Vice Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood (26 September 1748 – 7 March 1810) was an admiral of the Royal Navy, notable as a partner with Lord Nelson in several of the British victories of the Napoleonic wars, and frequently as Nelson's successor in commands.
Dreadnought - Contemporary Suite
HMS Dreadnought was a Royal Navy 98-gun man-of-war ship launched at Portsmouth at midday on Saturday, 13 June 1801. From 1803 to 1805 she participated actively in the engagements with the French and Spanish armadas. In 1805 she was due to sail to Barbados with Vice Admiral Collingwood but as Nelson pursued the French into the Mediterranean Dreadnought headed to Cadiz to close the blockade. On October 21st 1805 Dreadnought participated in the Battle of Trafalgar and afterwards returned to the blockade of Cadiz.
Freelance - Contemporary Studio
Hardy - Contemporary Suite
Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy, 1st Baronet, GCB (5 April 1769 – 20 September 1839) was a Royal Navy officer. He took part in the Battle of Cape St Vincent in February 1797, the Battle of the Nile in August 1798 and the Battle of Copenhagen in April 1801 during the French Revolutionary Wars. He served as flag captain to Admiral Lord Nelson, and commanded HMS Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in October 1805 during the Napoleonic Wars. Nelson was shot as he paced the decks with Hardy, and as he lay dying, Nelson's famous remark of "Kiss me, Hardy" was directed at him. Hardy went on to become First Naval Lord in November 1830 and in that capacity refused to become a Member of Parliament and encouraged the introduction of steam warships.
Royal Sovereign - Georgian Studio
HMS Royal Sovereign was a 100-gun first rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, which served as the flagship of Admiral Collingwood at the Battle of Trafalgar. She was the third of seven Royal Navy ships to bear the name. Designed by Sir Edward Hunt, she was launched at Plymouth Dockyard on 11 September 1786, and was the only ship built to her draught. She was known by her crew as the "West Country Wagon" due to her poor manoeuvrability and speed.
Royal Sovereign was the first ship of the fleet in action at Trafalgar on 21 October 1805, she led one column of warships; Nelson's Victory led the other.
Victory - Georgian Suite
"Duckworth's Action off San Domingo, 6 February 1806" by Nicholas Pocock. HMS Agamemnon is visible in the background, third from left.
Plan showing the body plan, sheer lines, longitudinal ahlf-breadth for 'Achille' (1798) a 74-gun Third Rate, two-decker
Danish gunboats attack HMS Africa, 1808
Watercolor of HMS Ajax (1798)
The Battle of Trafalgar, as seen from the starboard mizzen shrouds of the Victory. J. M. W. Turner (oil on canvas, 1806–1808)
HMS Amazon pursuing unnamed French vessel, possibly the Belle Poule, by Nicholas Pocock